Comparison of gait and sagittal plane arm swing between individuals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and healthy individuals


Scoliosis, gait, arm swing, energy consumption, adolescent

Published online: Jan 09 2024


1 Faculty of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey


Arm swing and energy consumption play an important role in the realization of an effective gait. However, research on arm swing and energy consumption during gait in individuals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the spatiotemporal characteristics of gait, arm swing angles in the sagittal plane, energy consumption in individuals with AIS, to compare them with their healthy peers in this regard. 26 diagnosed with AIS and 21 healthy were included in this study. Evaluation measures were based on the Cobb angle, axial trunk rotation, trunk symmetry, sagittal curve measurements, spatiotemporal characteristics of gait with the GAITRite electronic walkway, sagittal plane arm swing with two video-camera recordings, and energy consumption. There were a decrease in right- sided sagittal arm swing, an increase in energy consumption, in left-side step time and right-side double support time in the scoliosis group compared to the control group. The other spatiotemporal characteristics of the gait were similar in both groups. The evaluation of arm swing, energy consumption, and gait of individuals with AIS may contribute to the development of rehabilitation programs by better identifying the deficiencies of individuals with AIS.