Autologous bone plug-sliding with core decompression and bone marrow aspirate concentrate application: a joint-preserving surgical technique for corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head

Published online: Jan 08 2024


1 Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical School, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Avcılar Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey


This study aimed to describe a surgical procedure for the management of corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and report its clinical results. The technique included harvesting a bone plug from the lateral femoral neck, core decompression, and bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) application; the procedure was completed by press-fit insertion of the autologous bone plug in the debrided area. Autologous bone plug-sliding with core decompression and bone marrow concentrate aspirate application provides good clinical outcomes in the management of ONFH. A retrospective review was performed using records of patients operated on between October 2019 and June 2021. Only patients with Ficat-Arlet stage-2 ONFH, who underwent the procedure described, were included. Twenty- nine hips (18 patients) were included and evaluated clinically and radiologically. Clinical evaluation included the Harris hip score (HHS) and Visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, while radiological evaluation included direct radiographs. The average age was 39.8 years (± 11.7, range: 24-65 years). The average follow-up was 13.5 months (± 3.4, range: 8-19 months). There were improvements in the VAS pain and Harris hip scores in all patients. Average HHS increased from 61.90 to 87.45 (p < 0.001), while the average VAS pain score decreased from 7.14 to 3.27 (p < 0.001). No complications were encountered in any of the patients during the follow-up. None of the patients had femoral head collapse on the latest radiograph or required total hip replacement. The combination of the novel autologous bone plug-sliding method with conventional regenerative methods is a successful treatment choice for ONFH.