Primary sacral hydatid cyst. A case report

Published online: Oct 27 2007

Nayana Joshi, Alejandro Hernandez-Martinez, Roberto Seijas-Vazquez

From the Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain


This case report highlights an unusual osseous spinal presentation of a well described disease, hydatidosis. A 59-year-old woman presented with increasing back pain and bilateral radiculopathy. Examination disclosed symptoms of spinal stenosis and urinary incontinence. Radiographs showed an expansive lytic lesion affecting the pelvic bones with destruction of the bone cortex. Laboratory analyses were performed and the patient underwent CT and MRI studies. Serology for Echinococcus was positive. When assessing sciatica, low back pain or lower limb weakness the pelvic cavity should be examined for hidden disease that might explain the neurological symptoms. Hydatid disease of bone should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any bone mass discovered in the human body. Diagnosis was delayed in this case because the pelvic cavity was not studied when radiculopathy symptoms started and there was no coexisting visceral involvement.