Fast rehab after midshaft clavicula fractures in elite cyclists and motocross riders


clavicle fracture, cyclists, motocross rider, return to sports, functional outcome, return to competition

Published online: Nov 06 2023


Regional Hospital Heilig Hart Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 2AZ Herentals Hospital, Herentals, Belgium


Clavicle fractures are one of the most common injuries in cyclists and motocross riders. Although a fast return to sport is imperative for athletes, there is only limited literature on short-term functional outcomes after open reduction internal fixation of a clavicle fracture in a homogenous group of athletes. The aim of this study is to evaluate early (first 6 weeks) functional outcomes, return to sports and complications of elite or high-level recreational (± 8000 km per year) cyclists and motocross riders after surgical treatment of a midshaft clavicle fracture. The main study parameters were Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDash); QuickDash sports module, pain in rest and movement (Numeric Pain Rating Score) and time to return to sports (training indoor/outdoor and competition). All parameters were taken pre-operatively and at 2/4/6/12/24 weeks post-operative. A total of 34 cyclists (6 LTFU) and 9 motocross riders (2 LTFU) were included at baseline. A significant decrease in Quick dash scores between preoperative (33 ± 1.2) and 2 weeks PO (21.5 ± 1.2) and between 2 and 4 weeks PO (16.1 ± 1.3) was found for cyclists. The QuickDash scores of the motocross riders statistically improvement from preoperative (31.6 ± 3.3) to 6 weeks PO (14.1 ± 3.3). NRS score in rest for cyclists decreased significantly from 3.6 ± 0.2 to 1.0 ± 0.2 after two weeks. After 4 weeks, 93% of cyclists and 57% of motocross riders were training outside. After 6 weeks, 56% of cyclists and 57% of motocross riders had returned to competition. Our results show that early surgical treatment of midshaft clavicle fractures in elite cyclists and motocross riders is a safe method with few complications and good functional outcomes.