Correlation of anthropometric parameters with semitendinosus tendon length in anterior cruciate ligament injured patients


Hamstring, semitendinosus, anthropometric measurements, correlation, height

Published online: Nov 05 2023


From the National Orthopaedic Hospital Igbobi-Lagos, Nigeria


Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) surgery is now a common procedure performed following a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament. The length of the harvested hamstring tendon is critical to the outcome of the surgery as it may influence the final length and thickness of the graft. The goal of this study was to attempt to establish a relation- ship between the height, weight and body mass index and the harvested length of the semitendinosus tendon of patients having ACLR surgery. This was a retrospective study. The weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) of patients for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were noted. The average length of the tendon was noted. The correla- tion between each of these anthropometric parameters and the tendon length was estimated. The range of values for the semitendinosus length, height and weight in males and females respectively were 24-39cm (31.26 +/- 2.93) and 26-35cm (29.26 +/- 2.08); 1.6-1.96 m and 1.65-1.8m; and 52-110kg and 60-106kg. Only the height revealed a moderate correlation with the length of the harvested tendon among the male patients. Linear regression analyses yielded the equation Sem- itendinosus tendon length = 23.25xheight-10.28 at a p-value of 0.002. Patient height could be predictive of the length of the harvested semitendinosus tendon.