Improved joint awareness two years after total knee arthroplasty with a handheld image-free robotic system


Total knee arthroplasty, total knee replacement, robot, image-free handheld, NAVIO, joint awareness

Published online: May 03 2022

Ward Eerens, Peter Bollars, Marie-Elise Henckes, Martijn Schotanus, Jan Mievis, Daniël Janssen

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, St. Trudo Hospital, Sint-Truiden, Belgium


Literature into the short-term follow-up of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a handheld image- free robotic system are scarce. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) between patients operated for TKA with an image- free robotic system (robot group) or conventionally TKA (conventional group) 2 years postoperatively. A total of 147 patients were evaluated after TKA, respectively 73 in the robot and 74 in conventional group. Outcome measures included adverse events (AEs), hospital readmission rate, patient satisfaction and the following PROMs: Pain Visual Analogue Score (VAS), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Forgotten Joint Score Knee (FJS-12) and the EuroQOL-5D (EQ-5D). There were no statistically significant differences in the number of AEs; 8 (10.8%) in the conventional group versus 7 (9.7%) in the robot group. The FJS (p ≤ 0.05) and OKS (p ≤ 0.05) differed statistically in favour of the robot group. The EQ-5D and EQ-5D VAS did not statistically differed between the groups (p=0.231 and p=0.373 respectively). The VAS pain improved statically significant in both groups when comparing the pre- and postoperative values (5.8 points). Patients operated with a handheld image-free robotic system have the ability to forget their artificial knee joint in everyday life as measured with the FJS-12 at short-term follow-up.