An analysis of cases presenting with a mass in the hand and an evaluation of treatment methods


upper extremity; hand mass; localisation; tumour

Published online: May 03 2022

Hasan Ulas Ogur, Atilla Arik, Emin Kapi, Hakan Cicek, Firat Seyfettinoglu, Mustafa Bulut

From the Adana City Training and Research Hospital. Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Adana, Turkey


The aim of this study was to present and discuss our clinical experience of patients presenting with a mass in the upper extremity, in respect of demographic characteristics, localisation of the mass, clinical and pathological characteristics.

A retrospective evaluation was made of 114 cases (60 females, 54 males) who presented at our clinic with complaints of localised pain and swelling in the upper extremity between 1 June 2016 and 31 December 2018. The cases were separated into 3 groups; Group 1 with a mass determined in the carpal region, Group 2 with localisation between the wrist and the metacarpophalangeal joint, and Group 3, in the distal of the metacarpophalangeal joint.

The mass was of soft tissue origin in 90 cases, and of bone origin in 24 cases. The distribution of cases was 6 in Group 1, 20 cases in Group 2, and 88 in Group 3. The tumour was benign in 105 (92%) cases and a primary malignancy in 9 (7.8%) cases. Recurrence occurred in 4 cases, of which 2 were enchondroma, 1 was a giant cell tendon sheath tumour, and 1 was hemangioma

The majority of painful masses seen in the hand are benign and very few are malignant. In the approach to hand tumours, clinical evaluation guided by demo- graphic data, and the evaluation of diagnostic and treatment options according to the radiological ap- pearance and anatomic localisation will determine the ideal approach providing a full cure.