Outcomes of total knee replacement with the use of a NexGen MIS Tibial Component (Mini-keel) : a systematic review


nee ; total knee replacement ; minimally invasive surgery ; NexGen MIS Tibial Component ; systematic review

Published online: Nov 22 2021


Naoki Nakano, Kiyonori Mizuno, Koji Takayama, Shinya Hayashi, Ryosuke Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsumoto

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine


NexGen MIS Tibial Component (Mini-keel) is a tibial component specially developed for minimally invasive surgery in total knee replacement (TKR), and the size limitations of its design and the modular system could affect tibial fixation strength, however, this has not been precisely evaluated thus far. This study aimed to systematically review the literature describing the outcome following TKR with the use of a Mini-keel. Electronic searches of databases were undertaken in July 2019 by two experienced orthopaedic surgeons according to the PRISMA guidelines for literature describing the outcomes of TKR with the use of a Mini-keel. Quality of studies was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist. The initial search found a total of 623 studies from all the databases. Seven studies met all the inclusion criteria and were eligible for critical appraisal and quality assessment. In total, 2,198 cases were included in the systematic review.

Thirty-five revision cases due to aseptic loosening were found from the systematic review. Two studies were negative about using a Mini-keel and three studies were positive about it, while the other two studies did not judge the quality of a Mini-keel. There have been conflicting conclusions among studies for the use of a Mini-keel.

There remains a paucity of prospective cohort studies between TKRs with the use of a Mini-keel and those with the use of a conventional implant, which makes it difficult to determine the usefulness and reliability of this implant.