Proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and hemi-arthroplasty in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures


intertrochanteric fractures ; arthroplasty ; replacement ; hip ; elderly ; PFNA

Published online: Jul 15 2019

Ye Xie , Qirong Dong , Zonggang Xie

From the Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, China


To determine reasonable treatment of intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) or hemi-arthroplasty (HA) in elderly patients.

Between January 2009 and June 2013, a total of 367 patients were admitted to the Orthopedics Department of The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Patient data were retrospectively analyzed and included 160 males and 207 females. The ages of the patients were between 60 and 97 years and the average age was 72 +/- 3.9 years. According to the Evans-Jensen classification scheme, the fracture types were type IA (n = 18), type IB (n =3 1), type II (n=154), and type III (n = 164). A comparison between the two surgical methods (PFNA and HA) included the duration of surgery, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative weight-bearing time, implant complications, and the Harris hip score.

The data were analyzed after 14-50 months (average 24 months) of follow-up. The gender and age of the patients did not differ significantly between the two methods of treatment; however, the duration of surgery between the PFNA hemi-arthroplasty groups did differ (hemi-arthroplasty required less time), the intra-operative blood loss in the PFNA group was significantly less than the hemi-arthroplasty group, and the post-operative weight-bearing time was significantly shorter in the hemi-arthroplasty group than the PFNA group.

A retrospective study was conducted in 367 patients during the 42-month study period (January 2009–June 2013) to observe the efficacy of PFNA and hemi-arthroplasty. Complete data were available for analysis. There are significant advantages and disadvantages with respect to the two surgical treatment modalities. For elderly patients with unstable fractures, severe osteoporosis, and pre- operative mobility, hemi-arthroplasty is preferred because hemi-arthroplasty has fewer disadvantages compared to PFNA, which is not suitable for full weight bearing and bone union. PFNA for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures has been increasingly accepted and widely used; however the use of arthroplasty remains controversial (3) . Conservative treatment for intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients has become a main trend and often takes longer, gives rise to more complications, and has mortality rates higher than surgical treatment.