The relation between ankle morphology and osteochondritis dissecans of talus


Arthritis ; biomechanics ; trauma ; statistical analysis

Published online: Jun 30 2018

Yuksel Yurttas , Cenk Kilic , Serkan Akpancar , Serhat Celikkanat , Muhammed Hanifi Gemci , Salih Hamcan , Mehmet M. Seven , Erden Kilic

Department of Anatomy, Gulhane Military Mecidal Academy, Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey


The purpose of this study is to describe, if there is, any relation between ankle morphology and development of talus osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) using certain morphological parameters derived from high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Study included a total of 93 patients: 26 patients with traumatic medial talus OCD, 30 patients with idiopathic medial talus OCD and 37 patients with normal ankle as the control group. Five MRI morphological parameters (Maximal Tibial Thickness (MTiTh), Malleolar Width (MalW), Length of Trochlea Tali Arc (TaL), Height of Trochlea Tali Arc (TaH) and Angle of Trochlea Tali Inclination (TaIA)) that are expected to be relevant to talus OCD formation are measured and compared for the three groups.

Significant difference was found between the idiopathic and the traumatic group in terms of age and gender. Two of five morphologic parameters (MalW and TaL) also showed significant difference for the traumatic and idiopathic group compared to healthy volunteers.

Two morphologic parameters that were found to be significantly different from healthy controls may suggest that ankle morphology be a possible factor for talus OCD. Age and gender difference between the traumatic and idiopathic group also may point out different underlying mechanisms for OCD formation.