Internal fixation with Kirschner wires is as efficient as rigid screw fixation in scaphoid fracture: long-term functional outcome


Scaphoid fracture ; K-wire fixation ; Herbert Screw ; Long-term follow-up ; Clinical Evaluation.

Published online: Mar 30 2018

Ziping Jiang , Jianli Cui , Xu Gong , Laijin Lu

From the Hand and Foot Surgery, First Hospital of Jilin University, 130021, Chang Chun, China


This study aimed to compare the long-term efficacy of Kirschner wires and Herbert screw internal fixation in scaphoid fracture. A retrospective chart with radiographic review and functional follow- up was conducted for patients with the scaphoid fracture. 65 patients (40 for K-wire fixation and 25 for Herbert screw) were enrolled. The nonunion rate for K-wire fixation and screw method were indifferent comprehensively and for iliac graft subgroup. Less bone necrosis was found with K-wire fixation (2.5% vs 16%, P=0.049). There’s no difference between groups in Mayo scores, post-operation pain and grid strength. Patients with K-wire fixation have larger range of motion on radial/ulnar deviation (35.25±11.32 vs 28.00±8.66, P=0.007). The results support the use of Kirschner wires in the treatment of scaphoid fractures. Advantages such as high union rates and good function recovery of wrist could be expected from minimal invasion, multi-axial stable fixation.