Unrecognized acute exertional compartment syndrome of the leg and treatment

Published online: Apr 27 2011

Nebojsa Popovic, Craig Bottoni, Charles Cassidy

From Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar


Acute-on-chronic exertional compartment syndrome is rare and may be easily missed without a high degree of awareness and clinical suspicion. We report a case of unrecognized acute-on-chronic exertional compartment syndrome in a recreational soccer player. The late sequela of this condition, foot drop, was successfully treated with transfer of the peroneus longus tendon.