Scarf osteotomy in hallux valgus : a review of 72 cases

Published online: Apr 27 2007

Robert P. Berg, Paul G. M. Olsthoorn, Ruud G. Pöll

Slotervaart Hospital, Amsterdam, the Netherlands


The Scarf osteotomy is now widely used for the correction of hallux valgus. The aim of our study was to evaluate the results after Scarf osteotomy considering patient's satisfaction as well as the clinical and radiological results. Between 1996 and 1999, 72 feet underwent a Scarf osteotomy of the first metatarsal and, in 11 feet, an additional Akin osteotomy of the proximal phalanx, for the correction of hallux valgus (55 patients : 49 female, 6 male ; mean age : 52 years). The hallux valgus angle improved significantly, from 32° preoperatively to 18° at follow-up (minimal follow-up : 6 years ; mean : 7.5 years). A second operation was necessary in two patients because of recurrence of hallux valgus, and a fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint was performed in two patients. At the time of latest follow-up 78% of the patients were satisfied or very satisfied with the result. The Scarf osteotomy combined with Akin's closing wedge osteotomy is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of moderate hallux valgus deformities.