The effect of two different types of cement restrictors on the femoral cement mantle

Published online: Dec 27 2006

Adnan A. Faraj, Kumariah Rajasekar

From Airedale General Hospital, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom


Cement restriction and pressurisation are helpful technical points in achieving a good cement mantle in cemented hip replacement. In this prospective study, we compared 39 cases where a Hardinge polyethylene restrictor was used and 33 cases where a bone block restrictor was used during Charnley hip replacement. The preoperative radiographs were templated, calibrated holders for the cement restrictors were used intraoperatively, keeping the distal cement height within 2-3 cm from the tip of the femoral prosthesis. Postoperative radiographs were analysed. The Harris Hip scoring system was used for clinical assessment of results. The preoperative target of having a distal cement height of 2-3 cm was achieved in only 60.6% of the bone block group and 30.6% of the Hardinge group. The difference between the two groups is statistically significant (p = 0.001). Distal migration of the restrictors more than 3 cm from the tip of the femoral prosthesis was associated with a non-homogenous cement mantle in zones 3, 4 and 5 without affecting zones 1, 2, 6 and 7. The cement mantle was adequate when the distal cement mantle remained within 2-3 cm of the tip of the femoral prosthesis.