Congenital bilateral short femur complicated by stress fracture. A case report.

Published online: Dec 27 2000

D Keskin, N Ezirmik, and O Karsan.

Atatürk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Trauma, Erzurum, Turkey.


Congenital malformation of the femur is an uncommon but complex problem. Short femur with proximal deficiency (Kalamchi type III) is part of this congenital anomaly. If the precautions associated with progressive coxa vara and bowing in the femoral shaft are not taken, stress fractures may occur in the femoral neck and the femoral shaft. We report on a 38-year-old female with type III-A congenital malformation of both femurs who presented the complications mentioned and had not been treated before. This case is instructive because it illustrates the complications developed in patients who have not been treated.